DISADVANTAGES AND ADVANTAGES OF TEACHING METHODS

TEACHER

PAUL MEELA
PHONE:0756986128
E-MAIL: pmeela6@gmail.com
Advantages and Disadvantages of teaching methods
DIRECT TEACHING
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Very specific learning
targets.
Students are told reasons
why content is important –
helps to clarify lesson
objective.
Relatively easy to measure
student gains.
Is a widely accepted
instructional method.
Good for teaching specific
facts and basic skills.
Can stifle teacher creativity.
Requires well-organized content preparation and
good oral communication skills.
Steps must be followed in prescribed order.
May not be effective for higher-order thinking
skills, depending on the knowledge base and
skill of the teacher.
Content must be
organized in advance.
Teacher should have
information about
student prerequisites for
the lesson.
COOPERATIVE LEARNING
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Helps foster mutual responsibility.
Supported by research as an effective
technique.
Students learn to be patient, less critical
and more compassionate.
Some students don’t work
well this way.
Loners find it hard to share
answers.
Aggressive students try to
take over.
Bright students tend to act
superior.
Decide what skills or knowledge
are to be learned.
Requires some time to prepare
students. to learn how to work in
groups.
LECTURE
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Factual material is presented in a
direct, logical manner.
May provide experiences that inspire
– useful for large groups.
Proficient oral skills are
necessary.
Audience is often passive.
Learning is difficult to gauge.
Communication is one-way.
Not appropriate for children
below grade 4.
There should be a clear
introduction and summary.
Effectiveness related to time and
scope of content.
Is always audience specific; often
includes examples, anecdotes.
LECTURE WITH DISCUSSION
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Involves students, at least
after the lecture.
Students can question,
clarify and challenge.
Lecture can be interspersed
with discussion.
Time constraints may affect discussion
opportunities.
Effectiveness is connected to appropriate
questions and discussion; often requires teacher
to “shift gears” quickly.
Teacher should be
prepared to allow
questions during lecture,
as appropriate.
Teacher should also
anticipate difficult
questions and prepare
appropriate responses in
advance.
PANEL OF EXPERTS
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Experts present different opinions.
Can provoke better discussion than a
one person discussion.
Frequent change of speaker keeps
attention from lagging.
Personalities may overshadow
content.
Experts are often not effective
speakers.
Subject may not be in logical
order.
Not appropriate for elementary
age students.
Logistics can be troublesome.
Teacher coordinates focus of
panel, introduces and
summarizes.
Teacher briefs panel.
BRAINSTORMING
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Listening exercise that allows
creative thinking for new ideas.
Encourages full participation
because all ideas are equally
recorded.
Draws on group’s knowledge and
experience.
Spirit of cooperation is created.
One idea can spark off other
ideas.
Can be unfocused.
Needs to be limited to 5 – 7 minutes.
Students may have difficulty getting
away from known reality.
If not managed well, criticism and
negative evaluation may occur.
Value to students depends in part on
their maturity level.
Teacher selects issue.
Teacher must be ready to
intervene when the process
is hopelessly bogged down.
VIDEOTAPES/SLIDES
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Entertaining way of introducing
content and raising issues
Usually keeps group’s attention
Looks professional
Stimulates discussion
Can raise too many issues to have a
focused discussion
Discussion may not have full
participation
Most effective when following
discussion
Need to obtain and set up
equipment
Effective only if teacher
prepares for discussion after
the presentation
DISCUSSION
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Pools ideas and experiences from
group
Effective after a presentation, film or
experience that needs to be analyzed
Allows everyone to participate in an
active process
Not practical with more that
20 students
A few students can dominate
Some students may not
participate
Is time consuming
Can get off the track
Requires careful planning by
teacher to guide discussion
Requires question outline
SMALL GROUP DISCUSSION
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Allows for participation of everyone
Students often more comfortable in
small groups
Groups can reach consensus
Needs careful thought as to
purpose of group
Groups may get side
tracked<<p>
Need to prepare specific tasks
or questions for group to
answer
CASE STUDIES
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Develops analytic and problem
solving skills
Allows for exploration of solutions
for complex issues
Allows student to apply new
knowledge and skills
Students may not see relevance to
own situation
Insufficient information can lead to
inappropriate results
Not appropriate for elementary level
Case must be clearly defined
Case study must be prepared
ROLE PLAYING
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Introduces problem situation
dramatically
Provides opportunity for students to
assume roles of others and thus
appreciate another point of view
Allows for exploration of solutions
Provides opportunity to practice skills
Some students may be too self-
conscious
Not appropriate for large
groups
Some students may feel
threatened
Teacher has to define problem
situation and roles clearly
Teacher must give very clear
instructions
WORKSHEET/SURVEYS
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Allows students to think for
themselves without being influenced
by others
Individual thoughts can then be shared
in large group
Can be used only for short
period of time
Teacher has to prepare handouts
GUEST SPEAKERS
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Personalizes topic
Breaks down audience’s stereotypes
May not be a good
speaker
Contact speakers and coordinate
Introduce speaker appropriately
VALUES CLARIFICATION
Advantages Disadvantages Preparation
Opportunity to explore values and beliefs
Allows students to discuss values in a safe
environment
Gives structure to discussion
I w ishing  y ou a ll  he  b es t  in  you st udy
PAUL M EELA

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